1975: Death of the dictator Franco. Spain becomes a constitutional monarchy under the reign of Juan Carlos.
1962: End of the cuba crisis. Castro accepts the withdrawal of Russian bombers and Kennedy lifts the naval blockade of the island.
1945: Opening of Nuremberg trials. Most of the dignitaries of the Nazi regime must answer for their crimes.
1815: Second Treaty of Paris, following the episode of the "hundred days". France loses the Savoy and must pay a colossal fine to the allies.
1759: The French fleet is routed by the English off Canada, and will lose New France at the end of the Seven Years' War.