Category: Information

The Last Notes

Invention of the bicycle - The first bicycle

Invention of the bicycle - The first bicycle

The history of the bicycle (the bicycle) could go back to the mythical Count Mede de Sivrac supposed inventor of the celeriferous in 1790. But it really begins in 1817: the German baron Karl Drais von Sauerbronn present in the Luxembourg garden, in Paris, a "seated running machine" composed of two iron wheels connected by a cross member and by the action of the feet on the ground.

May 22 ephemeris

May 22 ephemeris

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Hercules and his twelve labors

Hercules and his twelve labors

Hercules, also called Heracles, is a hero of Greco-Roman mythology, famous for having accomplished for having accomplished a series of extremely difficult tasks: the "twelve labors". Demigod, son of Zeus and Alcmene, symbol of courage and strength, he relentlessly fought fantastic creatures and throughout his life suffered the courtship of his stepmother: Hera.

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)

A "Spanish-Italian" navigator, Christopher Columbus is famous for having & 34; discovered & 34; the New World in 1492 as he searched for the route to India. Yet it is him that historians still struggle to uncover. He is a character with a confused and contradictory past, shrouded in mysteries, not least because of his discretion about his youth and his origins.

Ephemeris of May 15

Ephemeris of May 15

1988: Mikhail Gorbachev orders the withdrawal of his troops from Afghanistan, held in check by the mujahideen supported by the United States. 1957: In the middle of the Cold War, the United Kingdom carries out its first test of an atomic bomb. 1902 : 7 years after the invention of cinema, French director Georges Méliès presents his & 34; Voyage dans la Lune & 34 ;.

Ephemeris of May 17

Ephemeris of May 17

1944: During the Italian campaign (1943-45), Moroccan skirmishers commanded by General Juin break the resistance of the German armies in Monte-Cassino. 1792: Creation of the New York Stock Exchange, which is also called & 34; Wall Street & 34 ;, the world's leading financial center. 1642: About fifty French people arrive in New France (Quebec) to create a Catholic community in Montreal.

The Trial of Klaus Barbie (1987)

The Trial of Klaus Barbie (1987)

May 11, 1987, the Rhone Assize Court begins the trial of Klaus Barbie. Klaus Barbie, SS officer of the SD (German counter-espionage services) arrived in France in June 1942. He who had already stood out in Russia for his qualities in the fight against insurgency, quickly became the head of the Gestapo Lyonnaise (February 1943).

Assassination of Aldo Moro (May 9, 1978)

Assassination of Aldo Moro (May 9, 1978)

May 9, 1978, Italy is in shock. Aldo Moro’s lifeless body has just been found in the trunk of a car in the middle of Rome. The leader of the Italian Christian Democracy, five times president of the council, had been kidnapped on March 16 by the Red Brigades, a far-left terrorist group.

The Fall - movie (2004)

The Fall - movie (2004)

The Fall (Der Untergang) is a historical fiction by Oliver Hirschbiegel released in 2004, which chronicles the course of the last days of Adolf Hitler, who took refuge in his underground bunker in the Chancellery. The film takes the point of view of one of the Führer's secretaries: Traudl Junge, a young Bavarian girl totally fascinated by the leader of the Third Reich (brilliantly played by Swiss actor Bruno Ganz).

Martin Luther King - Biography

Martin Luther King - Biography

Short Biography - Martin Luther King was an American pastor committed to equal civil rights for blacks. Nobel Peace Prize winner and supporter of nonviolent struggle, he organized a march on Washington during which he gave a speech that would become famous: I have a dream.

May 5 ephemeris

May 5 ephemeris

1981: Bobby Sands, IRA activist, dies in his cell in Long Kesh (Northern Ireland) after 66 days of hunger strike. 1958: On the occasion of the 8th Communist Party Congress, Mao announces a program ambitious reform of Chinese society, the & 34; great leap forward & 34;. 1947: Faced with the beginnings of the Cold War and social unrest, the French Communists are excluded from the government of Paul Ramadier.

Ephemeris of April 27

Ephemeris of April 27

1994: In South Africa & 39; s first democratic elections, Nelson Mandela is elected president. 1848: Victor Schoelcher, Under Secretary of State for the Navy, issues decrees abolishing slavery in the French colonies. 1521: Portuguese navigator Fernand de Magellan is killed with a poisoned arrow on the small island of Mactan (Philippines).

The plague of 1720, known as the plague of Marseille

The plague of 1720, known as the plague of Marseille

The last major manifestation of the Black Death in Europe dates from 1720 and is still known as the "plague of Marseille". The Marseille city then experienced its twentieth epidemic of this disease since antiquity. In the 15th century, the city was visited nine times. In the 17th century, thanks to the efforts of Cardinal Richelieu and then Louis XIV, suspicious ships could not dock, the port police were vigilant.

The Armenian genocide begins (April 24, 1915)

The Armenian genocide begins (April 24, 1915)

On April 24, 1915, in Istanbul, the Ottoman authorities arrested the main Armenian notables and intellectuals in the city. This is the start of the Armenian genocide: without the following weeks they will be methodically eliminated. Between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were then deported and killed.

Ephemeris of April 18

Ephemeris of April 18

1955: Organized by Burma, Ceylon, India, Indonesia and Pakistan, a conference in Bandung brings together 29 states from the African and Asian continents, mainly resulting from decolonization. 1955: At 76, Albert Einstein dies of a ruptured aneurysm. After having upset the world of physics with his theories on special and general relativities, Einstein will become a mythical figure in science.

The little Joan of Arc Quiz

The little Joan of Arc Quiz

After the quizzes devoted to the First World War, the Navy and Versailles, Grégoire Thonnat offers us a new theme: the Maid of Orléans! The opportunity to (re) discover this emblematic figure of the History of France! We have already presented several small quizzes of Grégoire Thonnat, from question to answer you could follow him in the mud of the trenches, under the chandeliers of crystal and the gilding of Versailles or on the deck of a ship splitting the foam.

Caracalla, Roman Emperor - Biography

Caracalla, Roman Emperor - Biography

Caracalla is an emperor who, in the collective imagination inherited from the Romans, remains as a violent and angry man. By succeeding his father in 211, he perpetuates a hereditary dynastic power, different from the lineage of the Antonines (except Commodus, succeeding his father Marc Aurèle) who adopted the one they considered the most worthy.

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (April 19, 1943)

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (April 19, 1943)

On April 19, 1943, the revolt in the Warsaw ghetto entered its final and most cruel phase. Since January the "Jewish Military Union" and the "Jewish Combat Organization" sporadically supported by the Polish "Home Army" have forcibly opposed the deportations, which have already affected more than 300,000 people. .

April 16 ephemeris

April 16 ephemeris

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Ephemeris of April 14

Ephemeris of April 14

1947: Charles de Gaulle creates his party, the Rassemblement du peuple français (RPF). 1931: In Spain, the Republicans, big winners of the regional elections of April 12, proclaim the Republic. 1912: The British liner & 34; Titanic & 34; hits an iceberg off Newfoundland in the North Atlantic.